At first it had looked like happy time. Then it became clear that trying for a baby entails stress, anxiety and inner tension. Several long months have passed and a pregnancy test still does not show a result you hope for. What happens next? After a long hesitation, you and your partner visit a specialist's office where you undergo a series of examinations based on which the specialist usually determines the cause of infertility followed by a treatment period. What medical tests a woman can expect?
A common examination is an ultrasound examination of pelvis. It is a painless examination using a probe to examine a state of uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. In addition to no pain, another advantage of this examination is time - it can quickly reveal possible infertility cause as well as any changes in the organs including different infections, developmental defects, tumors, or internal bleeding.
Measuring the hormone levels is another frequent type of examination that is performed after a blood collection evaluated by endocrinologist. The key is to find the level of two control hormones - follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). In case of suspected polycystic ovary syndrome, progesterone and testosterone are measured as well.
During immunological examination, so called post-coital test is performed to find out what reaction a body has to male sperm. But other immunological reactions such as in trophoblast, egg walls and endometrium are tested.
Hysterosalpingography deals with uterus and fallopian tubes. It has the advantage of being able to point to a blockage of fallopian tubes, which is most often caused by inflammatory changes or endometriosis. During this examination, doctor inserts a special apparatus and a contrast agent into the uterus.
Genetic testing is a matter of both partners. Looking at how they are genetically equipped includes chromosomes and DNA analysis. This method mostly uncovers why methods of assisted reproduction keeps failing or what leads to repeated miscarriage.
But before you visit a specialist, you can always have a look at your fertility yourself too. That is why we developed Fertilomat! ;-)