Endometriosis is a disorder of a uterus lining (endometrium). In this case the cells of the lining grow outside of the uterus such as in a pelvic area, ovaries, bladder but even in, for example, brain. Living with endometriosis may not be easy at all and can be accompanied by a lot of pain.
What are the symptoms of endometriosis? Women usually feel fatigue, they have painful menstruation with strong bleeding and feel pain in their lower belly. The problem is that the endometrial cells in the areas outside of the uterus are also influenced by hormonal changes and respond to them in a way that is similar to the cells inside the uterus – during each menstrual period minor bleeding occurs. The problem can escalate and scars and cysts form in the areas.
Pain is also present during intercourse. It undermines the sexual life of a woman influencing her overall mental state. The occurrence of the disorder is substantial. It has been estimated that endometriosis affects 10 % of women at their reproductive age.
Doctors and scientists have not been able to identify the cause of endometriosis yet. But it seems that our modern world along with a long-term exposure to estrogen have something to do with it. The fertile period of a woman is now extended – women menstruate earlier, menopause starts later. They give birth to fewer babies and a breastfeeding period became shorter.
Even though there is an established connection between endometriosis and infertility, early treatment can help. However, detection of endometriosis is not easy at all. There are several types of this disorder and laparoscopy is the only way to diagnose endometriosis and allowing for a surgical treatment at the same time. Besides surgery, medicaments can also help. The important aspect of successful treatment is to avoid the growth of the deposits or remove them. Good news: if a woman manages to get pregnant, endometriosis very often improves or disappears completely.
If you have a suspicion you suffer from endometriosis, consult your problems with your doctor. You can help by keeping records of your problems and when they occur.
- 10 % of women at their reproductive age suffer from endometriosis
- Endiometric cells may be found in a whole body
- The cause of this common gynecological disorder is not known
- Early detection of the disease and its treatment is most important